Gum Disease

Sac Dentist

General Dentistry & Family Dentistry located in Sacramento, CA

Nearly half of Americans over 30 years old have gum disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Gum disease can develop without you even knowing it, and can lead to severe infection and tooth loss. Regular dental cleanings and checkups with the team at Sac Dentist in Sacramento, California, can ensure that your gums stay healthy and free of complications. To make sure your gums are up to par, schedule an appointment today by calling the office or using the convenient online booking tool.

Gum Disease Q & A

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is a bacterial infection of your gum tissue. It’s the leading cause of tooth loss and has even been linked to other serious health complications like heart disease, strokes, and diabetes.

What causes gum disease?

There are a number of reasons you might develop gum disease, such as hormonal changes, certain illnesses, or particular medications, but gum disease is ultimately caused by plaque.

Plaque is a sticky, colorless substance that builds up on your teeth when you eat foods or drink liquids that contain sugars and starches. Plaque is full of bacteria that irritates and eventually infects your gums, leading to gum disease.

Plaque can be removed with regular brushing and flossing at home, so ultimately, the most common reason people develop gum disease is simply poor oral hygiene.

What are the stages of gum disease?

Gum disease occurs in two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis.

Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease. In gingivitis, the built-up plaque on your teeth irritates the gums, which leads to inflammation and bleeding when you brush or floss. At this stage, the gum disease can actually be reversed without any lasting damage to your gums, teeth, or surrounding bone structures.

If left untreated, gingivitis can develop into periodontitis. In periodontitis, your irritated gums pull away from your teeth, which causes pockets to form between your teeth and gums. These pockets collect debris and bacteria, which further irritates your gums, causing them to recede even more. Eventually, the bacteria begin to break down the connective tissue and bone that hold your teeth in place, causing your teeth to become loose and eventually fall out.

What are the symptoms of gum disease?

Some signs that you might be developing gum disease include:

  • Swollen or irritated gums
  • Bleeding in your gums when you brush or floss
  • Receding gums, or your teeth looking longer
  • Bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Changes in the way your bite feels

Gum disease is known for its ability to develop silently, and many of these symptoms don’t become noticeable until the disease is in its most advanced stages. Dr. Hinh will be able to notice during your regular exams if you’re developing gum disease, though, which makes regular dental appointments incredibly important.

How is gum disease treated?

The best treatment for gum disease is to prevent it, which you can easily do with good at-home care and regular checkups with the team at Sac Dentist. If you’ve developed gum disease, though, there are a wide range of treatment options that their team of dental experts can provide to help get your gums back in good shape, including deep cleanings, surgical procedures, or antibiotics.

To learn more about how the doctors at Sac Dentist can treat your gum disease, schedule an appointment today by calling the office or using the convenient online booking tool.